|China is the world's most populous country with about 1.3 billion people. Occupying most of East Asia, it is the fourth largest country in area (after Russia, Canada, and the U.S.). China's geography is highly diverse, with hills, plains, and river deltas in the east and deserts, high plateaus, and mountains in the west. Climate is equally varied, ranging from tropical in the south (Hainan) to subarctic in northeastern China (Manchuria). China's geography causes an uneven population distribution; 94 percent live in the eastern third of the country. Shandong province, with its mild coastal climate, has 91 million people, but Tibet, has only 2.6 million because of its harsh mountain plateau climate.
China has perhaps the world's longest continuous civilization; for more than 40 centuries its people created a culture with strong philosophies, traditions, and values. The start of the Han dynasty 2,200 years ago marked the rise of military power that created an empire that provided a golden age in art, politics, and technology. Ethnic Chinese still refer to themselves as the "People of Han," and Han Chinese constitute 92 percent of the country's population. Successive dynasties developed a system of bureaucratic control that gave agrarian-based China an advantage over rivals. China remains a predominantly rural society, with only 39 percent living in urban areas.
China is a magnificent, rich natural resources, historical and cultural.country. Five thousand years of human creativity and fantasy things created by the natural landscape has left us a remarkable picture, numerous scenic spots and historical sites.such as
Great Wall--the only man-made structure that can be seen from the moon. Terra Cotta Warriors&horses----one of the 'Eight Wonders of the World'.